The History of Horseback Riding
Horses have existed in the wild for about 45 million years before mankind started to domesticate them which probably happened around 10 000 years ago for the purpose of using them as an food source and also for their hides. Many years later it is likely that people started to realize that by riding one horse they could easier watch over the others as well as their sheep & cattle, and as it become easier to do so they could soon start having bigger herds which of course was beneficial for them. Also this is hard to say exactly when it happened but the oldest evidence of this comes from Russia and are findings of horse skeletons were marks in the teeth suggests that people have used bits on them, and these findings dates back to around 4500BC. After a while the horses were also used for pulling heavy supplies behind them in big hides and later on when the wheel was invented they could start pulling carriages, which made the horse to an important part as transportation and also in agriculture, trade and warfare. The last one, warfare, has also played a big part in the development of equestrian sports which is the combined name used for sports that involve the skill of either riding, driving, vaulting or steeplechasing with horses. It goes back to over 2000 years ago when the Greeks started with dressage training as a way of preparing the horses for war. Soon the military started to do tests in jumping, dressage and cross country which were all made to cover the different types of challenges that the horses could face while in war. In dressage the rider need to get the horse to perform a series of movements with good accuracy while the horse in the same time must show of calmness, flexibility and suppleness. This to prove that there were a good communication and control between the rider and the horse. In show jumping the rider needs to get the horse to jump a number of fences around a course within a certain amount of time. This would prove the power, control, boldness, accuracy and scope of the horse and rider. In crosscountry the rider needs to get the horse past a course of 2670-7410m in natural terrain with solid obstacles, this to show of boldness, nerve, scope and partnership between horse and rider. These three military test combined is what’s later in the 1900s got included in the Olympic games under the name Eventing. There are a big number of other disciplines within the equestrian sports where you can compete in and there is an enormous for horseracing all over the world. In fact the gambling market within this area generates a worth of about US $115 billion each year. Within this gambling market the two most popular routines are flatracing were a jockey rides a horse in gallop and the harness racing were the horse pulls a lightweight wagon called sulky in high speed around the racetrack. Other then this you can also enjoy watching other smaller scaled disciplines such as rodeo, horseball, foxhunting, tent pegging and western riding to name a few.